Endangered Species Handbook

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Aquatic Ecosystems


Allen, S. 1996. Navy games may have killed 5 endangered whales. March 13.
Associated Press (AP). 1994. Storm and Oil Slicks Afflict South Africa. June 28, 1994.
AP. 1995. Cyanide spill at gold mine turns river in Guyana deadly. August 23.
AP. 1996. New Data Point to the Ultimate Recovery of the Ozone Layer. May 31; Many Reports of Deformities Among Frogs Are Puzzling. Oct. 13.
AP. 2000a. 15 rescued penguins begin journey home.  October 12.
AP. 2000b. Deal Is Reached in California Pollution Trial. October 29.
Appel, A. 1999. Tiny lives in vernal pools vs. bulldozer. The Boston Globe, April 25.
Baillie, J. and B. Groombridge (compilers and editors). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red  List of Threatened Animals. IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN. The  World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland.
Barlow, M. 1999. Blue Gold. The Global Water Crisis and the Commodification of the World's Water Supply. International Forum on Globalization, San Francisco.
Beehler, B.M., T.K. Pratt and D.A. Zimmerman. 1986. Birds of New Guinea. Princeton University Press.
BG (The Boston Globe). 2000. New England by the Numbers. A Whale of a Living. Sept. 3.
BI (BirdLife International). 1993. World Round-up. Iraq's Vanishing Marshes.  World Birdwatch, Vol. 15, No. 3, page 2.
BI (BirdLife International). 2000. Threatened Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Cambridge.
Blakeslee, S. 1997. New Culprit in Deaths of Frogs. The New York Times, Sept. 16.
Blaustein, A.R. 1994. Amphibians in a Bad Light. Natural History, October.
Bolling, D.M. 1994. How To Save a River. A Handbook for Citizen Action. Island Press, Washington, DC.
Broad, W.J. 1996. A Spate of Red Tides Menaces Coastal Seas. The New York Times. August 27, pages C1, C5.
Brooke, J. 1995. Asuncion Journal. A 2,000-Mile Highway of Water for Commerce. The New York Times, May 27, page 2 (Brazil).
Brown, L.R. 1994. State of the World. Worldwatch Institute. W.W. Norton & Co., New York.
Browne, M. 1989. In Once-pristine Sound, Wildlife Reels under Oil's Impact. The New York Times (Science Times), April 4.
Browne, M. 1996. Dams for Water Supply Are Altering Earth's Orbit, Expert Says. The New York Times, March 3.
Bryce, R. 1995. Aid Canceled for Gold Project in Indonesia. The New York Times, International Business, Nov. 2.
Canedy, D. 2001. U.S. Bars Airport Near the Everglades. The New York Times, Jan. 17.
Carpenter, R.P. 2001. World's Biggest Project to Generate Many Changes. The Boston Globe, Jan. 28.
Carson, Rachel. 1955. The Edge of the Sea. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.
Carter. J. 1997. Crown Jewel of the Caribbean. Wildlife Conservation, July/ August, pages 36-41, 64.
Chadwick, D.H. 1999. Coral in Peril. National Geographic, Jan., Vol. 195, No. 1, pages 30-37.
Chu, H. 2000. China Struggles to Cope with Red Tides. The Boston Sunday Globe (The Los Angeles Times), October 15.
Clancy, P. 1997. Feeling the Pinch. The Troubled Plight of America's  Crayfish. The Nature Conservancy, Vol. 47, No.3, May/June, pages 10-15.
Colborn, T., D. Dumanoski and J.P. Myers. 1996. Our Stolen Future. Are We Threatening Our Fertility, Intelligence, and Survival? A Scientific Detective Story. A Dutton Book, New York.
Collar, N.J., M.J. Crosby and A.J. Stattersfield. 1994. Birds to Watch 2. Birdlife Conservation Series No. 4. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK.
Collins, M. (ed.). 1990. The Last Rain Forests. A World Conservation Atlas. Oxford University Press, New York.
Coon-Come, M. 1993. [Open Letter from Grand Council of the Crees]. Distributed by Natural Resources Defense Council, Washington, DC.
Cowell, Alan. 1995. Danube's Flow may Change and Opponents Aren't Waltzing. The New York Times, July 13.
Cronin, J. and R.F. Kennedy, Jr. 1997. The Riverkeepers. Two Activists Fight To Reclaim Our Environment as a Basic Human Right. Simon & Schuster, New York.
Crossette, B. 1996. Hope, and Pragmatism, for U.N. Cities Conference. The New York Times, June 3.
Cushman, J.H., Jr. 1995b. Freshwater Mussels Facing Mass Extinction. The New York Times, October 3, pages C1, C7.
Cushman, J.H., Jr. 1996a. Clinton Backing Vast Effort to Restore Florida Swamps. The New York Times, Feb. 18, pages 1, 26.
Daily, G. (ed.). 1997. Nature's Services. Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. Island Press, Washington, DC.
Daley, B. 2001. Cold winter accelerates manatee toll in Florida. The Boston Globe, January 30, pages A1, A12.
Davis, G.M. 1977. Rare and endangered species: a dilemma. Frontiers, Vol. 41, No. 4, pages 12-14.
Donnelly, J. 2001. Bureaucracy meets science, and a toad stands tall. The Boston Globe, January 20.
Doubilet, D. 1999. Coral Eden. National Geographic, Jan., Vol. 195, No. 1, pages 2-29.
Douglas, M.S. 1947. The Everglades: River of Grass. (Reprinted in 1992,  Mockingbird Books,)
Dugan, P. (ed.). 1993. Wetlands in Danger. A World Conservation Atlas. Oxford University Press, New York.
Dugger, C.W. 2000. Opponents of India Dam Project Bemoan Green Light from Court. The New York Times, October 20.
Dunkel, T. 1997. Eyeballing Eiders. Audubon, Vol. 99, No. 5, pp. 48-57, Oct.
Durrell, L. 1986. State of the Ark. An Atlas of Conservation in Action. Doubleday, Garden City, New York.
Earle, S.A. 1995. Change. Sea A Message of the Oceans. Fawcett Columbine, New York.
Earle, S.A. and W. Henry. 1999. Wild Ocean. America's Parks Under the Sea. National Geographic Society, Washington, DC.
Eckholm, E. 2000. China Plans to Divert Rivers to Thirsty North. The New York Times, October 17.
Eckstrom, C.K. 1996. Pantanal. A Wilderness of Water. Audubon, Vol. 98, No. 2, pages 54-67, April
Egan, T. 1998. Heralding a New Era, Babbitt Chips Away at Harmful River Dams. The New York Times, July 15.
EI. 2001. Conservation Research Center . . . Saving the Pantanal. Earthwatch Institute 2001 Research and Exploration, pages 76-77.
FWS (Fish and Wildlife Service). 1979. Endangered Species Technical Bulletin, Vol. 4, No. 6, pages 6, 12.
Farnsworth, C.H. 1997. Mammals on This Coast: The Rare Kind, for Now. The New York Times, December 27.
Filipov, D. 1997. A sea dies, mile by mile. The Boston Globe, March 23, pages A1, A22.
Flannery, T. 1998. Throwim Way Leg. Tree-Kangaroos, Possums and Penis Gourds. On the Track of Unknown Mammals in Wildest New Guinea. Atlantic Monthly Press, New York.
Fuller, E. 1987. Extinct Birds. Facts On File Publications, New York.
Garcelon, D.K. 1999. Letter to Editor. National Geographic, July. (Author is a researcher for the Institute for Wildlife Studies, Arcata, California)
Giordano, A. 1998. N.H. neighbors square off over imported sludge. The Boston Globe, Feb. 15.
Graziano, A.V. 1994. Endangered Species and Wetlands Conservation. Endangered Species Technical Bulletin, Vol. XIX, No. 5, pages 14, 15, 16.
Grossfeld, S. 1997. A river runs dry; a people wither. The Boston Sunday Globe, Sept. 21, pages A1, A18.
Hartfield, P. and R.S. Butler. 1996. Fishing Mussels. Endangered Species Bulletin, Vol. 21, No. 2, page 18, March/April.
Hauser, H. 1992. The Meeting Place. In: Saving the Oceans. Ed. by J. MacInnis. Key Porter Books Ltd., Toronto.
Hawker, R. 1997. Botswana's Okavango Threatened Again. Africa. Environment & Wildlife, Vol. 5, No. 3, pages 11, May/June.
Hedges, C. 1993. In a Remote Southern Marsh, Iraq is Strangling the Shiites. The New York Times, Nov. 16, pages A1, A10.
Hilts, P.J. 2000. Dioxin in Arctic Circle is Traced to Sources Far to the South. The New York Times, October 17.
Hoh, E. 1996. The Long River's Journey Ends. Natural History, Vol. 105, No. 7, pages 28-39. July.
Howe, P.J. 1997. Plants doing the dirty work in cleanup of toxic waste. The Boston Globe, March 10.
Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott and J. Sargatal. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. I. Lynx Editions, Barcelona.
Johnston, D.C. 2000. Cruise Lines Sail Ocean Green. The New York Times, Oct. 22.
Kale, H.W. II. (ed.). 1978. Birds. Vol. II. Rare and Endangered Biota of Florida. Ed. by P.C.H. Pritchard. University Presses of Florida, Gainesville.
Katona, S.K., V. Rough and D.T. Richardson. 1993. A Field Guide to Whales, Porpoises, and Seals from Cape Cod to Newfoundland. 4th ed. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
Kinzer, S. 1997. Only Water, Maybe, but It Was a People's Lifeblood. The New York Times, October 28.
Knight, D. 1995. Windmiller's Wood Frogs. Sanctuary, Vol. 34, No. 4, page 13-15. (Massachusetts Audubon Society; entire issue devoted to frogs.)
Kopytoff, V.G. 1996. Birds Rescued in Spills Do Poorly, Study Finds. The New York Times, November 12, page C4.
Lanz, K. 1995. The Greenpeace Book of Water. Sterling Publishing Company, New York.
Layne, J.N. (ed.). 1978. Mammals. Vol. I. Rare and Endangered Biota of Florida. Ed. by P.C.H. Pritchard. University Presses of Florida, Gainesville.
Lean, G. and D. Hinrichsen. 1992. Atlas of the Environment. 2nd ed. Harper Perennial, New York.
Leatherwood, S. and H. Genthe. 1995. Last-ditch Effort to Save Dolphins. Wildlife Conservation, Vol. 98, No. 5, page 12.
Leatherwood, S. and R.R. Reeves. 1983. The Sierra Club Handbook of Whales and Dolphins. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco.
Levin, T. 1996. Immersed in the Everglades. Sierra (Sierra Club Magazine), May/June, pages 56-63.
Lewis, P. 1993. U.N. Finds Baghdad is Gaining in South. Iraqi Marshland is Drained for a Military Campaign. The New York Times, Nov. 24.
Lewis, P. 1996. U.N. Report Warns of Problems Over Dwindling Water Supplies. The New York Times, January 20.
Lucas, G. 1996. Out on a Limb. Homeless Wood Storks find Southern Comfort. The Nature Conservancy, November/December, pages 25-29.
Luoma, J.R. 1993. Some Oil Spills Repeat Harm Again and Again. The New York Times, Dec. 21, page C4
Lynch, C. 1996. Majority of world will live in cities, UN report says. The Boston Globe, May 30.
Mason, C.E. and S.M. Macdonald. 1986. Otters: Ecology and Conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Maxwell, G. 1961. Ring of Bright Water. E.P. Dutton, New York.
McCollum, C. 1990. Save the Otters! Wildlife Conservation, Vol. 93, No. 2.
McKinley, J.C., Jr. 2001. Bill Seeks to Limit Mercury. The New York Times, Feb. 7.
Mitchell, J.G. 1999. In the Wake of the Spill. Ten Years After Exxon Valdez. National Geographic, Vol. 195, No. 3, pages 96-117. March.
Mostert, N. 1974. Supership. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.
Mydans, S. 1996. Thai Shrimp Farmers Facing Ecologists' Fury. The New York Times, April 28.
Mydans, S. 1997. In Indonesia, Where There's Gold, There's Squalor. The New York Times, December 25.
NG (National Geographic). 1999.  Polar Bear Cubs Deformed by Toxins? Earth Almanac, January.
NG (National Geographic). 2000. Contaminated: PCBs Plague British Columbia's Killer Whales. Earth Almanac. May.
NGS (National Geographic Society). 1995. Whales Dolphins and Porpoises. (J.D. Darling, C.F. Nicklin, K.S. Norris, H. Whitehead and B. Wursig, authors). Washington, DC.
Neves, R. 1996. Rescuing Ohio River Mussels. Endangered Species Bulletin, March/April, Vol. 21, No. 2, pages 16-17.
Nickerson, C. 1996. Canadians in dilemma over sunken toxic barge. The Boston Globe, June 13.
Nixon, W. 1996. Rainforest Shrimp. Mother Jones, March/April, pages 30-35; 71-73.
Nowak, R. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World. 6th ed. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
NYT. (The New York Times). 2000. Coal Waste from Spill Threatens Cities' Water. October 17.
Odum, E.P. 1971. Fundamentals of Ecology. 3rd rev. ed. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia.
O'Neill, T. 1996. Irian Jaya. Indonesia's Wild Side. National Geographic. February.
Perry, J. and J.G. Perry. 1980. Guide to Natural Areas of the Eastern United States. Random House, New York.
Peterson, C.H. and J. Lubchenco. 1997. Marine Ecosystem Services. In: Nature's Services. Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. Ed. by G. Daily. Island Press, Washington, DC.
Phillips, K. 1994. Tracking the Vanishing Frogs. An Ecological Mystery. St. Martin's Press, New York.
Postel, S. 1997. Last Oasis. Facing Water Scarcity. Worldwatch Environmental Alert Series. W.W. Norton, New York.
Reisner, Marc. 1986. Cadillac Desert. The American West and Its Disappearing Water. 582 pages. Penguin Books, New York.
Reynolds, J.E. III and D.K. Odell. 1991. Manatees and Dugongs. Facts On File, New York.
Rex, R. 1996. A park loaded with diversity. The Boston Globe, June 3.
Rezendes, P. 1996. Wetlands. The Web of Life. A Sierra Club Book, San Francisco.
Ridout, C.F. 2000. Wood Frog Farewell. Sanctuary, November/December (Massachusetts Audubon Society magazine).
Ripple, Jeff. 1995. The Florida Keys. The Natural Wonders of an Island Paradise. Voyageur Press, Stillwater, MN.
Roberts, W.E. 1996. The Responsible Frog. Parenting Strategies of Tropical Frogs. Pacific Discovery (California Academy of Sciences), Vol. 49, No. 2.
Saar, R.A. 1999. Tracking Ground Water's Unwelcome Guests. The New York Times, Nov. 23.
Safina, C. 1997. Song for the Blue Ocean. Encounters Along the World's Coasts and Beneath the Seas. Henry Holt & Co., New York.
Schemo, D.J. 1996a. Legally, Now Venezuelans to Mine Fragile Lands. The New York Times, December 8.
Schemo, D.J. 1996b. Ecologists Criticize First Steps in Latin River Plan. The New York Times, May 26.
Schemo, D.J. 1997. A Brazilian Wetland, Burgeoning With Wildlife. The New York Times, Sophisticated Traveler, March 2.
Schmitt, E. 2000. Everglades Restoration Plan Passes House, With Final Approval Seen. The New York Times, October 20.
Schneider, K. 1994a. 1989 Oil Spill Leaves a Taint of Trouble on Alaska. The New York Times, July 7, page A16.
Schneider, K. 1994b. Jury Finds Exxon Acted Recklessly in Valdez Oil Spill. The New York Times, June 14, pages A1, A18.
Schreiber, R.L., A.W. Diamond, R.T. Peterson and W. Cronkite. 1989. Save the Birds. A Pro Nature Book. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 
Senner, S.E. 1989. Exxon Valdez: A Major Disaster for Birds. World Birdwatch, Vol. 11, No. 3, p.1, July-September.
Sharkey, J. 1997. In the Vegetable Garden, Rhubarb Tartly Rears Its Head. The New York Times, May 14.
Sharp, B. 1995. Frogs and Human Health. Sanctuary, Vol. 34, No. 4 (Mass. Audubon Society), March/April.
Sieswerda, P. and J. Marquardt. 1995. Reef Reflections. Wildlife Conservation, Vol. 98, No. 4, pages 16-25, July/August.
Simon, N. 1995. Nature in Danger. Threatened Habitats and Species. Oxford University Press, New York.
Simons, M. 1995. One Salmon Does Not Mean the Rhine's Water is Safe to Drink. The New York Times, May 25, page A7.
Simons, M. 1997. Big, Bold Effort Brings Danube Back to Life. The New York Times, Oct. 19.
Stebbins, R.C. and N.W. Cohen. 1995. A Natural History of Amphibians. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Stein, B.A. and S.R. Flack. 1997. 1997 Species Report Card: The State of U.S. Plants and Animals. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA.
Stein, B.A., L.S. Kutner and J.S. Adams(eds.). 2000. Precious Heritage. The Status of Biodiversity in the United States.  The Nature Conservancy and the Association for Biodiversity Information. Oxford University Press.
Stevens, W.K. 1997. How Much Is Nature Worth? For You, $33 Trillion. The New York Times, May 20.
Stewart, J.M. 1992. The Nature of Russia. Cross River Press, New York.
Stolzenburg, W. 1997. The Naked Frog. The Nature Conservancy, Vol. 47, No. 4, pages 24-27. Sept./Oct.
Thornback, J. and M. Jenkins. 1982. The IUCN Mammal Red Data Book. Part 1. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Toops, C. 1989. The Southeast. in: America's Wildlife Hideaways. National Wildlife Federation, Washington, DC.
Turner, R. 1996. Die-off decimates Florida manatees. Endangered Species Technical Bulletin (U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service), Vol. XXI, No. 3, page 27, May/June.
Tyler, P.E. 1996. Cracks Show Early in China's Big Dam Project. The New York Times, Jan. 15.
Tyning, T. 1995. A Farewell to Frogs? Sanctuary, Vol. 34, No. 4 (Mass. Audubon Society), March/April.
Verhovek, S.H. 1992. Power Struggle. The New York Times Magazine, Jan. 12.
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WCMC. 1993. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN. The World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland.
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WESPA (World Endangered Species Protection Association). 1994. The Black- faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor) and its Taiwan habitat. WESPA News, November.
Wheelwright, J. 1994. Degrees of Disaster. Prince William Sound: How Nature Reels and Rebounds. Simon and Schuster, New York.
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White, B. 2000b. Harpoons Readied. Time to Save Whales . . . Again. AWI Quarterly, Fall, Vol. 49, No. 4.
White, C.P. 1982. Endangered & Threatened Wildlife of the Chesapeake Bay Region. Tidewater Publishers, Centreville, MD. (Sponsored by the Chesapeake Bay Foundation and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.)
Whitten, T. and J. 1992. Wild Indonesia. The wildlife and scenery of the Indonesian archipelago. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Williams, T. 1996. What Good is a Wetland? Audubon, Vol. 98, No. 6, Dec.
Yoffe, E. 1992. Silence of the Frogs. The New York Times Magazine, Dec. 13.
Yoon, C.K. 1996. Dam Said to Threaten Ancient Lungfish. The New York Times, May 28, page C4.
Yoon, C.K. 1998. A 'Dead Zone' Grows in the Gulf of Mexico. The New York Times, January 20.
Yoon, C.K. 1999. Parasites, Not Pollution, May Produce Frog Deformities. The New York Times, April 30.
Zuckoff, M. 2000a. The Greening of Sydney. The Boston Globe, Sept. 5.
Zuckoff, M. 2000b. What's killing the coral reefs? The Boston Globe, Oct. 31.

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