Endangered Species Handbook

Print PDF of Section or Chapter


Focus on Indonesia

      Indonesia has the greatest biological diversity in Asia.  A vast mosaic of 13,667 islands, Indonesia links two biogeographic regions known as the Sunda subregion, an area stretching from southern Burma and Thailand south to northern Indonesia and Borneo, with Oceania to the south and east.  The political boundaries of Indonesia have little to do with ecosystems or ethnic cultures.  The giant island of Borneo, for example, has been divided among several Asian countries. Indonesia claims the southern two‑thirds, known as Kalimantan, while Malaysia rules two states in the north and west, Sabah and Sarawak, and the small independent country of Brunei lies on the northwestern coast.  Likewise, New Guinea, whose Melanesian tribes have inhabited the island for thousands of years, has been divided between Indonesia, which rules with a strong military presence in the western half, Irian Jaya, and Papua New Guinea in the east, an independent nation.  Politically, Indonesia has been in turmoil for decades, with a series of presidents who have grown rich on foreign aid and siphoning off profits from exploitation of timber, oil and minerals.

Page 1 (Diversity)
Page 2 (New Guinea)
Page 3 (Dingiso)
Page 4 (Fig Trees)
Page 5 (Hornbills)
Page 6 (Pollination)
Page 7 (Human Population and Tigers)
Page 8 (Fire)
Page 9 (Orangutans and Illegal Logging)
Page 10 (Relocation)
Page 11 (Indonesia's Future)

Chapter Index
Animal Welfare Institute
    ©1983 Animal Welfare Institute