Endangered Species Handbook

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African Elephant Conservation Act

     The purpose of this Act, passed in 1988, is to provide additional protection for the African Elephant.  The Act established an assistance program to the countries of Africa where Elephants are indigenous and provided for the establishment of an African Elephant Conservation Fund.  In addition, the Act placed a moratorium on the importation of raw or worked ivory from African countries.  The ban on U.S. imports was crucial in cutting off a major market in ivory and led the way to the listing of this species on Appendix I of CITES, which ended the legal trade worldwide in 1989.

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