Endangered Species Handbook

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Persecution and Hunting

Wolves, Wild Dogs and Foxes

Wolves have suffered more inhumane treatment and loss of range and populations than any other predator. The history of their survival and disappearance in various parts of the world is a reflection of the overwhelming importance of people's attitudes toward animals. When emotions, especially fear and negative superstition, rule people's minds, wolves can be destroyed on the basis of ignorance about their real threats to people and livestock. On the other hand, when people are aware of biological facts about the wolf and its ecological role, behavior, value to ecosystems, and the truth about its history of not attacking people, prejudices tend to dissipate. Native Americans had a natural affinity and respect for wolves, calling them "brother." The wolf's very survival as a species depends on its being treated with tolerance and respect. Gradually, this is happening in many parts of the world. Education and a change in government attitudes in many countries are needed to conserve this species, along with better ways of raising livestock.

Page 1 (Red Wolves)
Page 2 (Gray Wolves)
Page 3 (Minnesota)
Page 4 (Traps)
Page 5 (Sport and Control Hunting)
Page 6 (Reintroduction)
Page 7 (Mexican Gray Wolves)
Page 8 (Worldwide)
Page 9 (Wild Dogs and Other Wolves)
Page 10 (Foxes)


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    ©1983 Animal Welfare Institute