Endangered Species Handbook

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Vanishing Species

Actions and Attitudes: Page 3

     In the American West, Grizzly Bears may someday be able to roam from Yellowstone to Yukon in a project known as Y to Y, an immense corridor that would prevent the present isolation of this species into pockets of fragmented habitat surrounded by hostile cattle ranchers.  The Wildlife Conservation Society has initiated a program it calls "Living Landscapes," which involves local people living in areas surrounding parks and reserves.  It promotes the conservation of animals that have ranges extending beyond the parks in order to help conserve these species, allowing them to be part of functioning ecosystems.  This sometimes involves curtailing their own hunting.  White-lipped Peccaries, for example, a type of wild pig, are important seed dispersers of trees in Latin American rainforests and also create open spaces on the forest floor by rooting for food.  Yet they are heavily hunted for their meat and pelts.  Only through an education program in which the local people themselves understand the effects of their hunting and are permitted to manage the land, can the species and its habitat be protected.  This organization is applying such approaches to regional conservation in 50 sites in Latin America, Asia, Africa and North America (WCS 2001).

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